Pilot Training Courses Offered by Sky Training, LLC. 

Private Pilot Flight Course (Your Basic Pilot's License)
 
     Requirements: You must be at least 17 years old
                                    Able to read, write, and understand the English language
                                    Able to obtain a third class medical certificate
                                    Complete the minimum 35 hours air training
                                    Complete the minimum 35 hours ground training
 
Obtaining your Private Pilot's License opens many doors for the recreational pilot. With your license you can fly a basic, single engine aircraft. This is the first step for those looking to achieve higher ratings and certificates. Training at our school allows you to complete your license faster than at other non-Part 141 FAA Approved schools. Our instructors are held to a high standard and are often cross-checked by other instructors in the school. We pride ourselves on our personalized, one on one training. Each lesson will include both a ground and flight portion, weather permitting. Those rainy days are the perfect time to get ahead on your ground training so your next lesson can be spent flying longer! Students are guided through the three stages of Flight Training until they have passed their Ground Course and are ready to take their check ride. 

Private Pilot Ground Course 
 
     Requirements: You must be at least 16 years old
                                    Able to read, write, and understand the English language
                                    Able to complete the minimum 35 hours training
 
The Ground Course is taken concurrently with the Private Pilot Flight Course. In accordance with FAR Part 141, ground school training is an integral part of pilot certification courses. Our personalized one on one training consists of instruction from CFI's, textbook, video presentations, and stage exams. Instructors assign chapters and ensure proficiency of the knowledge of each chapter before moving on in the course of study. When ll of the ground lesson assignments are complete, you will take the end-of-course knowledge exam. After passing, and reviewing incorrect answers, you will take the FAA airmen knowledge test at an approved testing facility. 

Instrument Flight & Ground Course (The Next Step Up)
 
     Requirements: Private Pilot's License 
                                        Minimum 30 Hours Ground Training
                                        Minimum 35 Hours Instrument Flight Training 
 
An instrument rating allows you to fly when visibility is poor and clouds are low. The combined flight and ground training course has been designed to provide the student with the maximum academic and flight training prior to the introduction of new maneuvers and procedures. Once students are proficient and have passed all the stages, they must pass an FAA written examination and checkride. 

Retractable Gear Endorsement
 
     Requirements: Private Pilot's License 
 
To obtain your Retractable Gear Endorsement most students average between 3-5 hours with a CFI in our 172XP. Your High Performance Endorsement will open doors to allow you to fly more aircraft with your Private Pilot's License. High Performance is considered to be an aircraft with a minimum horsepower rating of more than 200hp. This endorsement removes the license limitation and allows you to pilot any high performance aircraft for which you are licensed (ex. Airplane Single Engine Land). 

Yes, you can be a pilot!


When you see an airplane in the sky, do you imagine what it would be like to be the pilot? You could be.


If you think that piloting an airplane is only for those who join the military or want to become commercial airline pilots, think again. Anyone can be a part of general aviation. The term refers to all aviation activity except the military and airlines. Each year thousands of people in the United States take flying lessons to learn to fly general aviation aircraft.


And there's no better time than now to learn to fly. Recent advances in aircraft design as well as new communications and navigation electronics make flying safe and fun.


When most people are asked why they want to fly, they say because flying is fun and exciting. Others learn to fly for personal transportation - to fly to a vacation home or to visit family. But flying isn't just for recreation. Some people who learn to fly do so for business reasons. For example, salespeople can cover large territories much more efficiently in a general aviation aircraft. Doctors in rural or remote areas can reach patients must faster in an airplane than driving to see their patients.


Learning to fly a general aviation airplane opens the door to a wide variety of career opportunities, whether as an airline pilot, medevac pilot, or a special mission pilot in areas such as agriculture, missionary work or news gathering. Flying may also complement your career path in business or sales - or even in a profession that you haven't even chosen yet.


Aviation doesn't have to be part of your career, though. Flying an airplane combines the romance and enthusiasm of our heritage with the high-tech equipment and enhanced pilot skills of today. It is a superb tool for business.


Whatever your reason for learning to fly, it is a wise life choice. Flying is efficient. Many trips that normally take a while day by car can be made in half the time, or less, in an airplane. Flying your own airplane also increases the number of destinations you can reach directly by air. In the United States, about 560 airports serve commercial airlines, but more than 5,300 airports are open to the public.


If you think you'd enjoy flying and wonder if becoming a pilot is for you, read on. You will learn all the general aviation flying basics. You'll also learn about the physical requirements and written examination, the flight training costs and the time it takes for flying lessons.

Can I really become a pilot?

Somewhere someone just like you recently became a pilot. Although the average student pilot is 34 years old, anyone 16 years old or older can learn to fly an airplane (14 to fly gliders). In fact, men and women from every occupation and every geographic location in the nation are pilots.


How difficult is it?


As with any other skill you master, flying is learned step-by-step. It's a fascinating experience that's not particularly difficult. Flying can be learned by practically anyone who is willing to invest the right amount of time and effort.


Pilot training has two aspects: ground training and flight training. Learning the basics of flying while on the ground - either in a classroom or through a home-study course - is typically called "ground school." It covers flight rules and regulations, flight planning, navigation, radio procedures, and weather. There are also a variety of DVDs and videos available to help you understand the material covered in ground school.


In the next phase, flight training, a Certificated Flight Instructor (CFI) will be with you in an airplane and teach you how to fly it. First, you'll learn about the instruments, how to prepare your airplane for a flight and how to taxi. With your flight instructor, you will learn how to take off, land, and fly cross-country (from your home airport to another airport and then back again). Your plane will have dual controls so your instructor can always take control if necessary. Millions of people have learned to fly this way.


By the time you're ready for your private pilot certificate, you'll be secure in the knowledge that you're a safe and competent pilot.


Do I need special skills to fly?


No. Perhaps the most important element in successfully learning to fly is desire. Once you're ready to invest your time and effort in learning to fly, then it's time to take the first steps.


What are the requirements?


There are three basic requirements for learning to fly powered airplanes in the United States. First, you must be at least 16 years old. Second, you have to be in good health. And third, you have to be able to read, speak and understand English.


Age: You can apply for a student pilot certificate (like a learner's permit) if you are at least 16 years old. When you are 17, you can become a private pilot. By the way, there is no maximum age limit because it's health and not age that determines a person's ability to fly well.


Health: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requires everyone who wants to be a pilot to pass a routine medical exam every three years - every two years over age 40. This requirement ensures that pilots do not have medical problems that could interfere with their ability to fly safely. Allowances are made for certain physical limitations such as glasses and contact lenses. They physical exam can be obtained from one of many FAA- designated local physicians. If you're planning to learn to fly, it's advisable to complete the physical exam early in your flight training to assure that you qualify.


Language: In order to obtain your license, you must be able to read, speak, and understand English-the universal language for aviation.  


Is flying safe?


General aviation airplanes are built to rigid federal specifications, and they are constantly checked and

rechecked to make sure they are mechanically and structurally safe. People who fly are safety-chart.jpegconscious. As the pilot-in-command of an airplane, you're also in command of most variables the affect flying safely.


Safety is the most important word in the general aviation vocabulary. Your flight instructor will focus on the training you will need to operate the airplane safely. Flying as pilot-in-command of the airplane puts you in charge. A well-built and well-maintained airplane in the hands of a competent, prudent and well-trained pilot makes flying safer than many other forms of transportation.


What happens if the engine quits?


An aircraft engine is a piece of finely built machinery that is designed to run continuously. Engines also have mandated periodic inspections to make sure they are in good condition. In the unlikely event that the engine in the airplane quits, the airplane can descend slowly like a glider. You'll simply do what you practiced during your lessons; select the nearest safe landing site and land there without engine power.


 


How much does it cost?


Flight training costs vary. Fuel prices, maintenance and insurance costs are but a few of the variables. Some regions of the country are just more expensive than others. You can expect to pay between $10,000 and $17,000 for a good private-pilot flight-training program. Most schools offer a "pay as you go" program so you do not have to have the full amount of money on hand when you begin. Other schools can arrange financing for you.


Becoming a licensed private pilot is a good value. Prorated over a lifetime, it's probably one of the best bargains you'll ever find. The cost of becoming a pilot is a solid investment in your future. And once you've earned your pilot's license, it's good for the rest of your life.


Do I have to own an airplane?


Not at all! Of course, owning your own general aviation airplane will give you complete freedom to set your own schedule. You'll have pride of ownership like nothing you have known before. And, there are hundreds of types of airplanes to choose from: High wing, low wing, long-range, aerobatic and more-depending on your needs and interests.


Some pilots own an airplane in partnership with one or more pilots and share expenses for the airplane. But many pilots don't own their own airplanes. They may belong to a flying club-a group who pools their money to buy and share a plane. Most pilots rent airplanes. Rental fees are normally based on an hourly rate for actually flying time.


How will I benefit from becoming a pilot?


Once you've experienced the joys of flying, you'll have access to a whole new world of personal freedom. You'll think of travel in terms of hours, not miles. You'll know what it means to make your

own schedule, go your own way-far above the crowds, the congestion, the hassle and the annoyances of ordinary transportation.


You'll find a new sense of personal fulfillment in your ever-growing flying skills. You'll fain greater self-reliance. You'll push the old boundaries of your life forward and have the opportunity to seek and find new experiences that will enrich your life in countless ways.

    
Where do I start?


Making the decision to learn to fly is obviously the first step and often the most difficult one. Before you decide, however, you may want to experience flying in a small airplane. Once you've had a bird's-eye-view of your hometown and felt the sensation of flight, you'll know whether flying is for you.


To arrange for a flight, contact a local flight school. Ask about taking an introductory flight. Some schools call this a discovery flight. The flight won't be free, of course, but most flight schools price them at a very reasonable rate in order to introduce more people to the joys of flying.


Where is the best place to learn to fly?


Choosing the right flight school for you depends on your specific needs and reasoning for learning to fly. Most flight training programs use a mixture of computer programs, audiovisuals, textbooks and workbooks designed for ground training. You may receive your ground school instruction from a Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) or as part of a ground school class.


Your Certified Flight Instructor-the  teacher who will show you how to operate an aircraft-has been specially trained and examined by the FAA to ensure that all of your training is the safest and most

effective possible. The flight training itself is conducted one-on-one with just you and your instructor.


Finding the right flight instructor is very important. Because you will work so closely together, you must feel comfortable with his/her personality and teaching style. If you do not "mesh" with your instructor, ask for recommendations from friends and other pilots and try again with someone different.


Many people learn to fly through a local flight school or through a local flying club that offers flight training. Employing an independent flight instructor is also a popular way to learn to fly. Some flight schools are part of a Fixed Base Operator (FBO)-general aviation air terminals much like gas stations for aircraft.


A flying club is a group of individuals who own aircraft and rent them to members. They usually offer flight instruction and other flying-related activities to their members. FBOs, flight schools and flying clubs offering flight training are listed in the yellow pages of the telephone directory under "Aircraft Schools." Vocational and technical schools, colleges and universities also offer aviation programs that include flight training. If you're seeking a career in aviation, you may want to consider learning to fly at one of these schools while earning a degree in aviation.


What will my first flight be like as a student pilot?


Your instructor will introduce you to the airplane you'll be flying. You'll probably learn to fly in an airplane that was developed for student pilots and designed to provide the best possible flight training environment. Before you take your seats in the airplane, you and your instructor will walk around the airplane inspecting specific items to make sure the aircraft is ready for the flight.

Once inside the airplane, you'll be briefed on the instruments, controls and equipment and on what to watch for when you're flying. After this preflight briefing, the two of you will taxi the airplane and then take off. Once you're in the air, your flight instructor will no doubt let you take control of the airplane by yourself. Of course, your instructor will be closely supervising you, but you will finally experience what it's like to fly an airplane by yourself. Soon, you'll feel the exhilaration and be impatient for the next flight.


How long does it take to learn to fly?


Most people receive their private pilot certificate after about 55-65 hours of flight time, including time spent flying with an instructor ("dual time") and time spent flying alone ("solo time"). Training will include night flying, cross-country flying and even an introduction into instrument flying (flying solely by reference to the airplane's instruments).


The minimum time required by federal regulation is 35 to 40 hours of flight time, depending on the type of school you attend. You can schedule your lessons any time during the day to fit into your lifestyle-early morning, during the day, or even on weekends. Scheduling your flying is up to you and your instructor.


How long it takes to accumulate flight time is largely up to you and your instructor. Usually two to three hours flying time per week is a good learning rate, with more hours during weeks when cross-country flights are made. Statistics indicate that the average student pilot completes the requirements for a private pilot certificate in four to six months.


Consistent lessons will help you complete your training faster-when you are flying regularly, you'll never have to go back and re-learn what you've forgotten during a lapse in training. Depending on the schedule and pace of training, some people will complete their training sooner than others.


What kind of tests will I take?


A test is not required for a student pilot certificate. But before a private pilot certificate (license) is issued, you must pass two tests. One is an FAA "written" examination on flying rules and regulations that you'll take on a computer. You'll also have to work out the details of a hypothetical flight. But don't worry; you schedule the timing of this test for when you feel prepared. Besides, you will have done it all before in planning the cross-country flights you made as part of your training program.


Following this FAA written exam is a practical examination of your flying ability in the air. This is like the road test you took when you got your driver's license. Here you take a designated FAA examiner for a flight (a "checkride") to demonstrate your ability to maneuver the airplane safely and confidently. You will have practiced the maneuvers many times before, and your flight instructor will have prepared you thoroughly.


What licenses (certificates)are required?



As a pilot, you'll be governed by the regulations set by the Federal Aviation Administration. The more responsibility you take on as a pilot, the more stringent the FAA requirements become. For example, pilots who want to fly as commercial pilots for hire must pass stricter requirements than pilots who fly only for personal or business reasons. Here are some of the FAA regulations for the different levels of piloting.


  

How does an Airplane Fly?


Airplanes have been around more than 100 years. You may be surprised to know that, even with the amazing advances in aircraft design, the basic principles of flight are the same ones the Wright Brothers harnessed on December 17, 1903. Today's airplanes use these same principles to fly.


The principle of lift


When you examine the cross-section of an airplane's wing, or airfoil, you'll notice the top parlift.gift is curved and the bottom part is relatively flat. This special shape creates lift, which makes the airplane fly.

As the wing moves forward, the air flowing over the top travels faster than the air flowing beneath, resulting in a lower pressure area above the wing. The relative pressure differential provides the upward force called lift. Lift is basic to flying.


Lift and gravity

liftgravity.gif

In order for an airplane to climb, lift must be greater than gravity, the force that holds objects to earth. For an airplane to maintain level flight at a particular altitude, lift and gravity must be the same, or in equilibrium. When gravity is greater than lift, the airplane will descend.

 

Thrust and drag


As an airplane moves forward, the wing produces lift. The force causing forward movement is called thrust, and it's created by the engine-driven propeller or a jet engine. Like the wing, the propeller is also an airfoil. As it rotates, it creates "lift" in a forward direction that is called thrust.


Thrust overcomes drag (resistance of an object toward movement). When thrust is greater than drag, during takeoff for instance, the airplane's speen increases. When thrust and drag are equal, the airplane maintains the same speed. Whenever drag is greater than thrust, the plane slows down.

Lift, gravity, thrust and drag are the four forces acting upon the airplane. You'll learn to understand them thoroughly as you advance in your study of flight.

Control


As the pilot, you control the airplane and you determine how it flies. The different movements of your controls will cause the corresponding movements in the airplane.


Here are some basic airplane movements:


Pulling the control wheel toward you raises the elevator on the tail section, which in turn forces the tail down and nose up. This serves to create more lift than gravity and the airplane will climb. To help produce the extra lift needed in the climb, you usually need additional power from the engine, which you achieve by using the throttle control. Pushing the control wheel away from you lowered the elevator, forcing the tail up and the nose down. This reduces the lift and makes the airplane descend.


The rudder pedals control the movement of the plane from right to left in must the same say as the rudder of a boat. Pushing the right rudder pedal forces the nose of the airplane to the right and the left rudder pedal produces the same movement to the left.


Turning the control wheel enables you to raise or lower either wing, which enables the airplane to turn faster than using only the rudder. To change the attitude of the airplane (its relationship to the horizon) you simple use the control surfaces and the power of the airplane. It's an exercise in coordination, much like riding a bicycle. Your flight instructor will discuss with you how these simple movements can be combined to maneuver the airplane.


 

How does an airplane work?

The parts of an airplane


An airplane, of course, is more than a wing, a propeller and an engine. The body of the airplane, which holds the pilot, passengers and baggage, is called the fuimage003.gifselage. The tail of the airplane is called the empennage, and it consists of the horizontal and vertical surfaces called stabilizers. They create the stability necessary to use the lift and thrust created by the wing and the engine-driven propeller.


Parts of the wing, horizontal stabilizer and vertical stabilizer are moveable to provide the pilot with the means to control the airplane. These control surfaces are called ailerons on the wings, elevators on the horizontal stabilizer and rudder on the vertical stabilizer.


You'll become familiar with the workings of these different parts during flight training.


The basic flight instruments


Although the instrument panel of an airplane may be confusing at first, you'll soon be familiar with the dials and switches and the valuable information they provide. Tremendous advancements have been made in the navigation and communication electronics that pilots use today. Some small airplanes now have instrument panels with flat computer screens that contain the same basic information for use in piloting the airplane.


In recent years, the Global Position System (GPS) has been put to work in smaller general aviation aircraft. With handheld GPS units available at a reasonable price, all pilots can take advantage of satellite-based navigation. Even more advances in communications and navigation for small airplanes are on their way.


New multi-mode digital radios for voice and data communications among pilots, air traffic controllers and ground facilities make flying safer and more enjoyable. Multi-function cockpit displays for weather, moving maps and specific information to pilots in flight also enhance the flying experience.

Even with all these advances and those soon to come, however, the basic flight instruments remain the same.

After your first few flights, you'll be thoroughly familiar with these instruments and how they work together with the airplane's control surfaces.

  

panel.jpeg
A. Airspeed Indicator

Shows the speed of the airplane as it flies through the air.


B. Attitude Indicator

Like the horizon you see looking out from the pilot's seat, it tells you whether the nose of the airplane is pointed above or below the horizon and whether the airplane is turning (banking) to the right left or right (left wing down or right wing down).


C. Altimeter

Shows the airplane's altitude in feet above sea level.


D. Turn Coordinator

Shows the rate and the direction of the turn when you're turning the airplane. This allows you to adjust to a slower or faster rate of turn.


E. Heading Indicator.

(Directional Gyro)

Shows the direction that the airplane is flying. It's usually bigger and easier to read than the magnetic compass, but it requires some source of power to work.


F. Vertical Speed Indicator

Tells you how quickly you're climbing or descending in feet per minute. When you're in level flight, it reads "O".

 
What should I do now?


Here are some ideas of things to do how to get started:


  • Subscribe to an aviation magazine. Ask other pilots which magazines they recommend, then go to a newsstand, library or the Web and look for aviation magazines. Reading will help build your knowledge about flying safety and techniques as well as familiarize you with different airplanes and avionics.
  • Attend an airshow. Almost every weekend of the year, an airshow is taking place somewhere in the country. During the summer months, you probably won't have to travel too far to find a fun aviation event. You'll see daring aerobatic performances, be able to examine aircraft on display and talk to other pilots. Attending an airshow will make you feel part of the aviation world. Grenwood Lake Airport hosts an Air Show every August!
  • Make friends with other pilots. The best way to do this is to just talk about learning to fly. Pilots love to talk about airplanes and flying. Once you tell your friends and family about learning to fly, you will hear about other pilots in the area-neighbors, co-workers, and others. These new friends will be glad to help you understand the concepts as you learn to fly.
  • Schedule your first lesson!

Information and images taken from the GAMA Learn to Fly Pamphlet

For more FAQ's check out this AOPA site.